Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat — one tonsil on each side. Symptoms Tonsillitis most commonly affects children between preschool ages and the mid-teenage years. Common signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include: Red, swollen tonsils White or yellow coating or patches on the tonsils […]


Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by less hemoglobin and fewer red blood cells in your body than normal. Symptoms Thalassemia symptoms include: Fatigue Weakness Pale appearance Yellow discoloration of skin (jaundice) Facial bone deformities Slow growth Abdominal swelling Dark urine When to see a doctor Make an appointment with your child’s doctor for […]


Tetanus is a serious bacterial disease that affects your nervous system, leading to painful muscle contractions, particularly of your jaw and neck muscles. There’s no cure for tetanus. Treatment focuses on managing complications until the effects of the tetanus toxin resolve. Fatality is highest in individuals who haven’t been immunized and in older adults with […]


Syphilis is a bacterial infection usually spread by sexual contact. The disease starts as a painless sore — typically on your genitals, rectum or mouth. Syphilis spreads from person to person via skin or mucous membrane contact with these sores. Symptoms Syphilis develops in stages, and symptoms vary with each stage. But the stages may […]

Swine flu (H1N1 flu)

Technically, the term “swine flu” refers to influenza in pigs. Occasionally, pigs transmit influenza viruses to people, mainly to hog farmers and veterinarians. Less often, someone infected with swine flu passes the infection to others. Symptoms H1N1 flu signs and symptoms in humans are similar to those of other flu strains: Fever (but not always) […]


A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or severely reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. A stroke is a medical emergency. Prompt treatment is crucial. Early action can minimize brain damage and potential complications. Symptoms Trouble with speaking and […]

Stress Management

What is stress? Stress is difficult to define or measure. Some people thrive on a busy lifestyle and are able to cope well with daily stresses. Other people feel tensed or stressed by the slightest change from their set daily routine. Signs of stress building up include: Not being able to sleep properly with worries […]

Sore Throat

A sore throat is pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat that often worsens when you swallow. The most common cause of a sore throat is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu. Symptoms Symptoms of a sore throat may vary depending on the cause. Signs and symptoms may include: Pain or […]


This is an inflammation of the membranous lining of one or more of the sinuses. Sinusitis is also referred to as rhinosinusitis because inflammation of the nasal mucosa generally accompanies sinusitis Factors predisposing to sinus membrane inflammation Upper respiratory tract infection. Allergy. Asthma. Smoking. Hormonal status (eg, pregnancy). Nasal dryness. Diabetes mellitus. Presence of a […]


Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening complication of an infection. Sepsis occurs when chemicals released into the bloodstream to fight the infection trigger inflammatory responses throughout the body. This inflammation can trigger a cascade of changes that can damage multiple organ systems, causing them to fail. If sepsis progresses to septic shock, blood pressure drops dramatically, […]